إن شعب ميانمار، كله مظلوم، ففرض الحكومة وصندوق النقد الدولي والبنك الدولي لإصلاحات نيوليبرالية، وفتح الأسواق أمام الشركات متعددة الجنسيات، وتسهيل الاستثمار الأجنبي، كل ذلك كان له أثره المعتاد (والمتوقع) من تفاقم الفقر، وزيادة الفجوة بين الأغنياء والفقراء، وخلق الصراع الاقتصادي العام في البلاد. وهذا طبعاً أثار سخطًا واضطرابات مدنية على نطاقٍ واسع.
The people of Myanmar, as a whole, are oppressed. The government’s imposition of IMF / World Bank neoliberal reforms, the opening of markets to multinational corporations, and the facilitation of foreign investment, have all had the usual (and predictable) effect of worsening poverty, increasing the gap between rich and poor, and creating general economic strife in the country. This, of course, causes widespread discontent and civil unrest.
The government tries to manage this unrest by diverting with religious and ethnic hatreds. The Rohingya crisis is not the only conflict in Myanmar, and they are not the only people being tortured, killed, and having their villages burned and their land confiscated. There are ongoing conflicts within at least 5 states in the country; and there is a noticeable correlation between conflict zones and investment projects. The government is literally at war with the population for primarily economic reasons, and their main strategy is to keep the population at war with itself
This is why it is not helpful to accept the religious hatred narrative that is often used to explain the repression of the Rohingyas; and this is why it is absolutely counterproductive to respond to this repression with any sort of anti-Buddhist rhetoric or sentiment. Yes, there are extremist Buddhist terrorists who are motivated by their own personal hatred of Islam and the Muslims, but they have been empowered, incited, and granted impunity by the government for reasons that have nothing to do with religion. They are merely the instrument for conflict management being used by the government in Arakan state to divert hostility towards the Rohingyas, who have been designated as an officially loathed and dehumanized population. But no, they are not the only population that is suffering; they are just suffering worse than any other.
Ultimately, what we need to strive for is to redirect the unrest and anger of the people towards the legitimate target: the Myanmar government, and its neoliberal program. And we need to build solidarity between the people, not exacerbate the animosities which only benefit the ruling elites.