Prior to the war, Syria had relatively little debt. Today, infrastructure is devastated. Homes, factories, irrigation, power plants,, agricultural land, are in ruins.
The cost of reconstruction is modestly estimated (if the war stopped today), at roughly three times Syria’s pre-war GDP.
Where do you think the money will come from to re-build Syria? Da’esh?
Da’esh survives by a war economy; their economic sustainability requires the continuation of the conflict.
Even if we assume that they can transition into a real state with a real economy, they will not have anywhere near enough money to re-build the country.
The middle class, businessmen, academics, lawyers, doctors, journalists, have fled Syria, and are unlikely to return. The new generation will be largely uneducated, unskilled, and many will literally be unable to read or write.
Re-building Syria will take decades, even with foreign aid and investment (foreign aid and investment which translates to debt-slavery and total surrender of economic sovereignty to the global owners of capital); without foreign aid and investment, quite frankly, Syria will not be re-built at all.
This is a war which will not end in the establishment of an independent Islamic state, but in the enslavement of the Believers in Syria for generations to come. That is the real world.
I pray to Allah for a miracle that will avert this otherwise inevitable result.